Limited Liability Partnership Act- 2008 gave a new and easy way to run a business with less of compliance which also reduces compliance cost and provides tax benefits etc. LLP helped small business/ new entrepreneurs to run their business in an easy and cost-effective way. Let’s have an overview of the comparison between Private Limited Company and LLP.
LLP is governed by Limited Liability Partnership Act- 2008 which came in to force on 1st day of April 2008. This Act was introduced with the idea of promoting MSME Sector (Micro Small Medium Enterprise) with the advantage of self-governance and less compliance.
LLP is an alternate corporate body, comprising the benefit of both Company and Partnership.
It contains the benefit of Limited liability to partner and Flexibility of Partnership.
LLP is a corporate body and granted the legal status the same as that of the company.
Unlike the partnership in LLP the liability of the partner is limited up to the contribution made by them.
A registered limited company in India (Private or Public) has a lot of complex formalities and incurs additional overheads for managing affairs including mandatory board meeting, maintenance of statutory records, filling of e-forms with MCA etc. Absence of such mandates for LLP combined with advantages such as non-applicability of dividend distribution tax on profit repatriation, transfer of profit rules and deemed dividend profit issues, MAT provisions.
In India, formation, registration, and regulation of an LLP is exclusively governed and controlled by the rules, provisions, and regulations provided in the LLP Act of 2008 and the LLP Rules of 2009. The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), Government of India, and its well-equipped web portal [www.llp.gov.in] is directly concerned for establishing an LLP.
The comparative chart of compliances to be made by a company and LLP is given below:
Maintenance of Statutory Records
No statutory registers are required to be maintain by LLP
As per Companies Act,2013 many statutory registers are required to be maintained eg. Register of Members etc.
Convening of Meetings
No such requirement
Require to hold Meetings as per Section- 173. (At least Two Board Meeting and one Annual General Meeting for Small Company and At least four Board Meeting and One Annual General Meeting for other than Small company).
Addition & deletion of Directors
Require to amend LLP Agreement and File E-form- 3 & E-form-4.
Require to Pass Resolution in General Meeting, File e-form-DIR-12 and require many documents from the person who is appointed as Director. (As per Section-152 of Companies Act, 2013.)
Increase in Capital
Only require to amend LLP Agreement and File e-form Form-3.
Require to Pass Ordinary resolution in General Meeting and file form SH-7.
Annually form filling requirement
Only Two annual E-form- 8,
There are much formsE-form-AOC-4
E-form- MGT-7, E-form- MGT-14
Loans & borrowings
As per LLP Agreement
There is Cap for Loans and Borrowings as per section 179 & 180, Require to hold Board Meeting and file form with ROC.
Related Party Transactions
Transaction to be at arm’s length price only and as per provisions of Secton-188 of Companies Act-2013.
Audit of Accounts
Require only if turnover above 40 lacs or Contribution more than 25 lacs.
Audit is Compulsory.
Benefits of LLP as compared to Corporates
Minimum 2 Partners
Minimum Member-2, Maximum Member- 200
Easy to Form, Run and manage
No Minimum Capital requirement for Incorporation
Minimum Capital for Incorporation of Private Limited Company is Rs. 1,00,000/- and for Public Limited Company is Rs. 5,00,000/-.
MOA and AOA of the Company
Benefits under Income Tax Law
Saving of Dividend Distribution Tax. (There is no provision of Dividend Distribution Tax in LLP)
Saving of MAT Tax. (Because LLP don’t give credit of MAT)
Saving of Income Tax due to Interest and remuneration payable to partners as salary payable to directors.
Designated Partners of LLP must have their DIN and DSC.
Call meeting of board of Director.
Pass Resolution for Conversion of Company into LLP.
Pass Resolution to authorize any director to Apply for Name of LLP.
Application for Name availability
Any private company or unlisted public company can be converted into LLP. However, in this case LLP shall take the same name as that of the company at the time of conversion.
File LLP E-Form-1 with ROC
Attachments: Board Resolution passed by the Company approving the conversion into LLP shall be attached with the aforesaid form
Obtaining Name approval Certificate
Filing of Incorporation documents
File LLP Form-2
Proof of Address of Registered office of LLP.
Subscription sheet signed by the promoters along with the consent of partners.
Detail of LLP(s) and/ or company(s) in which partner/ designated partner is a director/ partner
Drafting of LPP Agreement
LLP agreement has to be drafted line with LLP Act. It is not mandatory to file LLP agreement at the time of registration and same can be file within 30 days from the date of incorporation. Designated partners are responsible for doing all acts, matters and things that are required to be done for complying with the provisions of the LLP act. They are liable to all penalties imposed on the LLP. So it is very important to draft LLP agreement with professional help.
Filing of application for Conversion
File LLP E-Form-18 with the ROC
Statement of shareholders.
Incorporation Documents & Subscribers Statements in Form 2 filed electronically.
Statement of Assets and Liabilities of the company duly certified as true and correct by the auditor.
List of all the Secured creditors along with their consent to the conversion.
Approval of the governing council (In case of professional private limited companies)
NOC from Income Tax authorities and Copy of acknowledgment of latest income tax return.
Approval from any other body/authority as may be required.
Particulars of pending proceedings from any court/Tribunal etc.
REGISTRAR OF LLP TO ISSUE A CERTIFICATE OF REGISTRATION in Form19 as to the conversion of the LLP. The Certificate of Registration issued shall be the conclusive evidence of conversion of the LLP.
Filing of LLP E- Form -3
Attachment: LLP Agreement
Filing of E-Form 14 (Intimation to Roc)
As per notification dated 15th October, 2015 issued by Ministry, Form-14 is not required to be filed in case of conversion of private company/unlisted public company into LLP.
Copy of Certificate of Incorporation of LLP formed.
Copy of incorporation document submitted in Form 2
Conversion of a Private Company to LLP is comparatively beneficial in terms cost, benefit and compliance.The conversion from the existing corporate structure can be made to a LLP while retaining the advantages of Limited Liability and less compliances.LLP may be more suitable for small entrepreneur and professionals particularly.